Diarrhea, dysentery syndrome and a number of prevention measures

The use of non-clean water is the risk factor for non-infectious diseases, as well as infectious diseases, which seriously affect the population health, especially vulnerable subjects including children and the elderly. In order to increase awareness of diarrhea, dysentery, the article is introduced for you to read the necessary information relating to disease and prevention measures.

What are diarrhea and dysentery syndrome

  • Diarrhea (the local language is going Twet) is a condition that goes beyond the loose feces of water and from three or more times per day, or goes apart from liquid multiple water less than three times/day but is accompanied by at least one of the signs of fever, abdominal pain, vomiting/reflux, anorexia fatigue, child neglect.
  • Dysentery syndrome (also called dymoid) is a disease that goes beyond the mucous stool, blood is accompanied by pain, which is overcled along the colon frame (lower abdomen, right hip, left hip) before the media.

Causes of the disease

There are many causes of diarrhea and dysentery syndrome, in which there are bacterial etiology (viruses, bacteria, dysentery,…, intestinal parasites), the most dangerous of which is the diarrhea of a described comma (also called cholera). The disease spreads according to the gastrointestinal tract through food, contaminated drinking water. The disease is closely related to the environmental conditions, water, food safety and hygiene habits of the people.

People who are at high risk for diarrhea and dysentery:

  • Use of non-clean water sources (well drilling water/peach wells, unprocessed rainwater;
  • Eat food Thiu, insect food (flies/cockroaches) peanut;
  • Drink unprocessed water (filtered, boiled);
  • Do not wash your hands before eating, before processing food, before milking, before breastfeeding, give the child to eat, after going to the toilet, after processing food, after going to work, after hygiene for the child;
  • Use of non-hygienic pepper;

Some measures of prevention of diarrhea and dysentery syndrome

All people and communities should take the following measures to prevention of diarrhea, dysentery:

Enhancing personal hygiene and sanitation:

  • Regularly wash your hands properly with soap with clean water at critical times including: Before eating, before food is processed, before milking, before feeding the child, feeding the child, after going to the toilet, after food processing, after going to work, after cleaning the child;
  • Use clean water for food processing, cooking food, drinking water and personal hygiene;
  • Use clean treated water (filtered, boiled) for ingestion; 
  • Every family has a hygienic, non-indiscriminate home; Do not pour garbage, feces down ponds, lakes; Do not use fresh feces, unprocessed stool to ensure hygiene to fertilize crops;
  • Ensuring the hygiene of the house and the surrounding environment.

Ensuring food hygiene and safety:

  • Every man, every house is cooked, drinking boiling, not drinking water;
  • Do not eat foods that are susceptible to unprocessed and cooked bacteria;
  • Choose to buy food from fresh food sources, clean, originating, clear origin, do not use overdue food use;
  • Cooked food or food leftovers, so that from previous meals to the following meals must be well preserved;  If only immediately after a short time, cover the table, leaving the place cool, ventilated; If you want to take a long time (some hours or more), you must be in the refrigerator, noting that the refrigerator must be adequate.
  • Wash your hands with soap with clean water before processing food to make sure not to infect the pathogen from dirty hands into food;

Protecting water and using clean water:

  • The source of drinking water, living of families must be protected clean, with lids, not to source dirty water from outside such as livestock farms, sewers, ponds, lakes…) At
  • Prohibited from waste discharge, wastewater has not been processed into the environment;
  • Prohibition of feces, waste, detergent, and utensils of the disease to the soil environment, water (rivers, streams, ponds, lakes, troughs).

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